Núcleos do Sítio Arqueológico de Abul
Núcleos do Sítio Arqueológico de Abul

The Phoenicians excellent seaman, but also merchants and industrialists, were one of the ancient civilizations that stood out for their expansion trips throughout the Mediterranean and adjacent Atlantic coasts, through which they established trading posts.

Such maritime expansion, started from Tyre, ancient island of the coastal strip now occupied by Lebanon, covered, in the eighth century BC, the entire Mediterranean basin and led to the formation of Gadir (Cádiz).

From here the Phoenician merchants headed into the Atlantic, creating colonies and trading posts along the coast of Africa and in the west coast of Iberian peninsula.

During these trips, they installed, in the seventh century BC (Iron Age), on a small promontory on the right bank of the Sado, a place called today “Abul”, a trading post designed to trade with indigenous peoples.

This site, located between Setúbal and Alcácer do Sal, would be a good anchorage, easily accessible by boat, having good control of maritime movement, and close to the indigenous villages, with which the Phoenicians traded.